Level
Title
Defining Phrase
Characteristics
Description
I
Primary Integration
Dog-eat-dog
ego-centric
instrumental view of others
Concern with meeting primary needs; self serving and concerned with egocentric needs.
II
Unilevel Disintegration
A reed shaken in the wind
lack of inner direction
inner fragmentation
Many identities of self; submission to the values of peer groups rather than establishment of independent identity; relativism of morals and values.
III
Spontaneous Multilevel Disintegration
Video meliora proboque detoriora sequor
Sense of the ideal but not reaching it; moral concerns; sense of the higher vs. sense of the lower in oneself

Hierarchy of Values and Social Conscience Hierarchization and Empathy

Positive Maladjustment and Empathy

Emotionally Charged Self-Reactions and Self-Judgments, Dissatisfaction with Oneself, Inferiority toward Oneself

Disquietude with Oneself

Astonishment with Oneself

Shame

Guilt
What is contrasted with What ought to be


Protest against violation of ethical principles

Anger at what is undesirable in oneself; self-loathing; And at what is lacking in oneself, of not realizing one's potential

Disharmony in one's inner state of being

Surprise in regard to what is undesirable in oneself

Shame over deficiencies and others' view of one's moral standard

Guilt over moral failure; a need to repay and expiate
IV
Organized Multilevel Disintegration
Behind tranquility lies conquered unhappiness
Self-actualization; ideals and actions agree; strong sense of responsibility on behalf of others' well-being and inner growth

Subject-Object in Oneself

Third Factor

Responsibility


Inner Psychic Transformation


Education of Oneself

Autopsychotherapy


Self-Control


Self-Awareness

Autonomy
The process of critical examination of one's motives and aims

The executive power of choice and decision in one's inner life

Taking on tasks for the sake of one's own and others' development; empathy toward social needs

Inner restructuring at a deep level with lasting consequences beyond return to lower-level functioning

A program of change

Self-designed psychotherapy and preventive measures

Regulating development and keeping in check interfering processes

Knowledge of one's uniqueness, developmental needs and existential responsibility

Confidence in one's development; freedom from lower-level drives and motivations
V
Secondary Integration
A magnetic field in the soul
Life inspired by a powerful ideal

Personality Ideal
The ultimate goal of development
- Adapted from Piechowski, 2008